Black Silicon: Processing, Properties, and Applications

Black Silicon

Nuggehalli M. Ravindra, Sita Rajyalaxmi Marthi, and Suramya Sekhri

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The ability to tailor the properties of silicon, by controlling its surface morphology in the form of black silicon, is anticipated to revolutionize silicon photonics. Black Silicon (BSi), one of the approaches to counter the inherent disadvantages of Si, is a surface modification of crystalline Si (c-Si).

This book presents a discussion on manufacturing BSi by various methods for morphing the surface of the material, which are economical and easily applicable for mass production. Comparisons of the surfaces of BSi fabricated by various techniques are presented and thermal, electrical, electronic, and optical properties of black silicon are described. Some major applications of BSi have been given and possible future directions in the research and development of BSi and its applications are identified.

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Nuggehalli M. Ravindra

Nuggehalli M. Ravindra (Ravi) is professor of physics and director of the interdisciplinary program in materials science and engineering, New Jersey Institute of Technology. Ravi is the editor-in-chief of Emerging Materials Research. He is the series editor of Emerging Materials: Processing, Performance and Applications, Momentum Press. He has been a frequent guest editor of several journals including Polymers Advanced Technologies, Journal of Electronic Materials, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A and JOM.

Sita Rajyalaxmi Marthi

Sita Rajyalaxmi Marthi (Laxmi) received a BSc degree in physics and MSc degree in applied physics from the Osmania University, Hyderabad, in 2006 and 2009 respectively, and is currently pursuing a PhD degree in materials science and engineering at the New Jersey Institute of Technology. Laxmi is working on problems related to the optical properties of black silicon and related materials.

Suramya Sekhri

Suramya Sekhri received her BSc degree in physics from the University of Delhi in 2013 and her MS degree in materials science and engineering from the New Jersey Institute of Technology in 2015.