Carbon: The Next Silicon? Book 2--Applications

Carbon: The Next Silicon? Book 2--Applications

Marc J. Madou, Victor H. Perez-Gonzalez, Bidhan Pramanick

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Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) and Electron Spin Resonance (ESR) spectroscopies are well-known characterization techniques that reveal the molecular details of a sample non-invasively. The authors discuss how NMR can provide useful information on the microstructure of carbon and its surface properties and explain how C-MEMS/C-NEMS technology can be explored for building improved NMR microdevices.

The authors highlight the manipulation of fluids and particles by dielectrophoresis and the use of carbon electrodes for dielectrophoresis in Lab-on-a-Chip. The use of these electrodes in sample preparation through electrical polarization of a sample for identification, manipulation, and lysis of bioparticles is also discussed and they introduce a new generation of neural prosthetics based on glassy carbon micromachined electrode arrays. The tuning of the electrical, electrochemical and mechanical properties of these patternable electrodes for applications in bio-electrical signal recording and stimulation, and results from in-vivo testing of these glassy carbon microelectrode arrays is reported, demonstrating a quantifiable superior performance compared to metal electrodes.

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Marc Madou

Dr. Marc Madou is the chancellor’s professor in mechanical and aerospace engineering (MEA) as the University of California Irvine. Dr. Madou is the author of several books, including Fundamentals of Microfabrication. Some of Dr. Madou’s current research work involves a compact disc-based fluidic platform and carbon MEMS. Learn more about those recent research projects, visit

Victor H. Perez-Gonzalez

Dr. Victor H. Perez-Gonzalez, received the BS degree from Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon, Mexico; and his MS and PhD from Tecnologico de Monterrey, Mexico, where he is now a research associate. He is a member of the National System of Researchers, Mexico. Dr. Perez-Gonzalez’s research interests are focused in the field of miniaturization science, where he has published several papers.

Bidhan Pramanick

Dr. Bidhan Pramanick received his PhD from Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, India. He was assistant professor in the Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology before joining Tec de Monterrey, Mexico (and UCI, CA) as postdoctoral research investigator. He has authored and co-authored several papers in international journals and conference proceedings and one book.