Lignocellulosic Biomass-Energized Fuel Cells: Cases of High-Temperature Conversion

Lignocellulosic Biomass-Energized Fuel Cells

Xuebing Zhao, Wei Liu, Yulin Deng, and J.Y. Zhu

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Fuel cell technology has attracted great interest in recent decades. However, progress in lignocellulosic biomass-energized fuel cells has been slow. This is because that lignocellulosic biomass generally cannot be directly used for electricity generation in a fuel cell with high efficiency. As a renewable resource is available in large quantities in many regions of the world, lignocellulosic biomass can be a promising feedstock for sustainable electricity production using fuel cell technologies.

In this monograph, we focus on the electricity generation in fuel cells that are operated at high temperatures with high efficiency using lignocellulosic biomass-derived fuels. More specifically, we discussed biomass conversion coupled solid oxide fuel cell and direct carbon fuel cell. The state of the art in technology development, as well as challenges, is outlined and perspectives on future development are provided.

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Xuebing Zhao

Xuebing Zhao is an assistant professor at Tsinghua University, Beijing, China. Dr. Zhao published extensively in the area of biorefining of lignocellulosic biomass to produce biofuels and chemicals via chemical and biological approaches.

Wei Liu

Wei Liu is a PhD student at Georgia Institute of Technology whose thesis focuses on direct biomass fuel cell (DBFC). The first author of a recent paper on DBFC published in Nature-Communications. Mr. Liu has extensive research experience in polyoxometalate chemistry.

Yulin Deng

Yulin Deng is a professor at Georgia Institute of Technology in chemical engineering. Prof. Deng is the recipient of the 2013 American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE) Andrew Chase award for outstanding and life time contribution to the advanced utilization of forest renewable biomass.

J.Y. Zhu

J.Y. Zhu is a scientific leader at the USDA Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory. Dr. Zhu’s research covers a board area of wood and fiber utilization for the production of sugar/biofuel and cellulose nanomaterials. He is the Fulbright-Aalto University (Helsinki, Finland) Distinguished Chair in Energy and Sustainable Use of Natural Resources for the 2015–2016 academic year.